Abstract Detail



Hybrids and Hybridization

Sharma, Meenakshi [1].

Soyabean and possible drawbacks associated with latest GMOs and Hybrides.

Soybean (Glycine max) is considered as a substitue for carbohydrates and proteins now a days. Is it really the grain type that answers the problem of lack of protein and iron, in addition to providing carbohydrates for Homo sapiens? The answer seems negative, there has been trended cereals in the past and within different geographic locations, example Corn (Zea mays) in Africa, North and Latin America, Wheat (Triticum aestium) and Rice (Oryza sativa) in Asia. Potato (Solanum tuberosum, a tuber) in European countries, also as a minor source of starch for most of the continents. Other important cereal grains from the past have been Oat (Avena sativa), Millet (Pennisetum glaucum), Barley (Hordeum vulgare), Rye (Secale cereale), Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). 
The recent onset of increased Soybean use in North America and Asia is a cause of concern. Soybean is being used to substitue wheat and beans as a food for all providing two major nutrient types. This genetic manipulation could have been very desirable, but unfortunately while creating the high protein Soybean, ancient wheat and corn with high protein content, causing various stomach problems, was overlooked. These grains with undesirable type and content of carbohydrates and proteins, were considered unsuitable for consumption and were genetically manipulated to make a high carbohydrate present day wheat, rice and corn. Potato, a tuberous modified stem has also been manipulated from its wild type.
A grain which has high levels of protein and sugar with maintained sweetness, in addition to higher levels of iron would answer the problem of food shortage at certain times in the year when certain countries are unable to farm and are relient on other countries for food and fodder. While hybridizing or creating a GMO if seeds are formed with high levels of proteins, will have a bitter or a non sweet taste, since proteins are non sweet components of the diet. Even though sugars are considered a health concern in excessive amounts, they are essential for digestion and seeds that have equal amounts of protein and carbohydrates, will always have a percentage of protein left undigested, due to lack of sugars. The excessive amount of sugar makes the protein available to Homo sapiens as amino acids. This poster will discuss manner of creating a complete grain, past, present and future of combining various food types to create a balanced diet, until a complete grain is developed


1 - NA, NA, 1510 Thornley Street, London, Ontario, N6K 0A9, Canada

Keywords:
Soyabean
health
 GMOs
Hybrids
Wild relatives.

Presentation Type: Poster
Number: PHH002
Abstract ID:621
Candidate for Awards:None


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